Comparisons to mainstream knowledge

This entry is part 10 of 14 in the series A theory of perspective

Before going to the discussion section, let’s compare the theory to contemporary ones in various fields.

Cognitive psychology

Depending on the context, the clearness – fadedness continuum can be described as:

Model ClearnessFadednessExample
AttitudeExplicit attitudeImplicit attitudeBelief, judgement, external pressure
Persuasion• Central route processing
• Systematic processing
• Peripheral route processing
• Heuristic processing
AwarenessConsciousnessUnconsciousnessJudgement, categorization
KnowledgeDeclarative knowledgeProcedural knowledgeCategorization, feature, attribution, proposition: FADEDNESS(clearness 1, clearness 2)
AttentionControlled processAutomated processRumination, absentminded, slip, inattention blindness
MemoryRetrievable memoryDecayed memoryPrime, stimuli, tip of the tongue effect, recall, recognition
LogicStated informationUnstated assumptions 

The movement is the organization of knowledge, or the thing you observe in your self-awareness, retrospection, introspection, metacognition, etc. The perspective can be the schema, script, frame, topic, mindset, mental state, paradigm, worldview, belief, etc.


Let’s compare to the multi-store model:

ClearnessRetrievable memory
FadednessIrretrievable/decayed/forgotten memory, automaticity
New clearness registrationTransfer to long-term memory
Movement forming a clearnessChunking, bottom up
Looking into a clearness and see a different perspective in thereMemory retrieval, top down
Perspective changing make the fadedness becomes clearnessAttention, long-term memory to working memory
Movement changing under the same clearnessMemory distortion

Cognitive linguistics

FadednessPrior knowledge
Movement completion registers new clearnessConcept formation
Movement resetSchema change, language fluidity, clear-cut boundary becomes blurry
Isolated clearnessFleeting perfect word combination
Unique set of clearnessesDefining features (necessary and sufficient conditions)
Frame semanticElement Frame
Cognitive grammarThingRelation 
MetaphorFeature Domain

There are 5 frameworks to study communication: (1) communication as shaper of public opinion; (2) as language use; (3) as information transmission; (4) as developer of relationships; and (5) as definer, interpreter, and critic of culture. Under different perspectives the partakers will have a hard time to communicate efficiently. The perspectives are different, but they are slightly different. The clearness communication, therefore, is a polysemy.

Cognitive therapies

This is the model of CBT (image taken from Hofmann, 2012):

Core belief, maladaptive cognition, misconception, impulseClearness
Automatic thought, maladaptive cognition, misconceptionFadedness
Identifying misconception, downward arrow technique, acceptanceUnfading a fadedness (by changing the perspective)
Modifying misconceptionResetting the movement
Acceptance, exposureGetting into a new perspective
Distancing, decenteringGetting to a new perspective and looking back


Clearness Dharma
DualityDharma is both real and unreal, impermanence
Movement forming clearness Conditions produce dharma
Perspective Clinging on dharma
MindfulnessBeing attentive of the duality of each clearness
EnlightenmentMovement forming and clearness registration
Detachment, dispassionGetting to a new perspective and looking back
Reincarnation, impermanence Chain of clearnesses
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